Motorcycles Outings©

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Charlie Mihalik of the Yorkville Motorcycle Co., Ace dealer, New York and friends P. J. Bailey of the Ace Factory and Walter D. Batterson, Harley-Davidson dealer of Corning, N.Y. used their machines to get them to and from their fishing and hunting excursions.  They were reported as having, “returned from a week’s outing and hunting trip in the woods”, their conveyances consisting of three sidecar outfits, guns, ammo, camping equipment, clothing, and camera supplies.  Batterson and Fish were successful hunting partridges while Charlie set out for pelts coming back with three he planed to have made into a luxurious set of fur gauntlets for his winter riding.  “All three pelts came off the kind of little black Kitties that have white stripes down their faces, and when Charlie brought them in the rest of the bunch knew of his success long before they saw him”.  – “Motorcycle Illustrated”.  Nov. 30, 1922.

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The following month Mahalik, Batterson, Ed Fish, and Bailey set off for their hunting lodge in their motorcycle side car rigs.  The side cars were packed with duffle-bags in which were packed hunting equipment, extra clothing, guns, boots, ammo, camera supplies and other gear.  The day before they set out, Fish and Batterson rode to Long Island for some duck hunting and on the way were struck by an automobile.  “The violence of the impact caused the motorcycle and sidecar to turn two complete somersaults, throwing both Batterson and Fish many feet from the machine and causing many painful bruises…”.  The car in question did not stop to see if the men were injured or offer any assistance.

They drove the motorcycle back to Yorkville and had the spokes of the sidecar wheel (the point of contact with the automobile) repaired and some dents straightened out and set off in search of deer.  The men were the guests of Sheriff Schoonover and for a week packed into every day “exercise and satisfaction”.  Mahalik bagged himself a deer after which he walked back to the lodge to get his motorcycle.  The deer was put into the sidecar and driven back to their lodgings, hung, skinned, and dressed.  “Motorcycle Illustrated”.  Dec. 1922.

The October 19, 1922 issue of the same magazine contained a photo of William S. Harley and William Davidson, you guessed it, as they returned from a fishing excursion.  “The two Bills left the factory after working hours and rode out twenty-five miles to a lake that has the reputation of being well fished out.  With a full moon in their favor, they got in about five hours of fishing and when they called it quits, had 39 pounds of pike and bass to their credit.  The big pike that shows so prominently in the pucture weighed 8 ¼ pounds”.

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One can find numerous stories of camping excursions with motorcycles in the old magazines.  One in particular seems to have been a great trip for all.  A group of people, men and women, left with several riders and a sidecar outfit carrying pup tents, blankets, rubber blankets, mess kit and cups.  The author extolled the pleasures of supper by the campfire followed by breakfast of piles of bacon and hot coffee.  The accompanying photo showed a dozen or more people in their tents.

“Recreation”, May 1916, carried an article by W. H. Wallace of his camping excursions from his bike and a detailed list of what he carried with him.  His food, toilet articles, and camping equipment (tent, poncho, blankets, water bucket, wash basin, candle lantern, camp stove, rubber match box, fry pan, cooking pot, tin cup, tin plate, bread pan, knife and fork, tablespoon, dessert spoon, camp axe, trenching tool, canteen, sweater, change of underwear, cheesecloth, and a ball of cord) fit into cardboard carrying cases.  The pot, skillet, mess kit, etc. nested so tightly together that it took little space to pack and did not rattle while riding.

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Outdoor excursions were so popular that in November that year the magazine advised dealers on how to successfully stage a seasonal window display.  The photo had a mock-up cabin in the background with a deer head and antlers hanging from the front, lots of tree branches to simulate the look of being in the woods, two hungers with rifles, and a motorcycle parked underneath some of the branches.  It was an ingenious sales tactic.

Scenic rides have been part of riding since the first bike fired up, some were just a little more out of the ordinary than others.  The Nov. 30, 1922 issue carried a photo and a caption on a trip made by a young woman.  “Mrs. Maud M. Randall, of Atlanta, Ga., recently drove her motorcycle and sidecar outfit from Atlanta to Providence, R. I., where she is a guest of her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Albert A. Watson.  Mrs. Randall is an all-around sportswoman, an equestrienne of note, and the owner of several prize-winning dogs.  Two of them, valued at $1,000 each are taking a ride in the sidecar”. The magazine neither indicated she made the trip alone or accompanied by her husband.

© Vickie (Rumble) Brady, vrumblesramblingbikerblog.wordpress.com

The Unions and Indian Motorcycles©

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It will be seen from this piece that George M. Hendee and probably his executives made quite a nice living cranking out Indian motorcycles, and I should point out that the articles this piece came from were published just prior to Mr. Hendee selling out his interest in the company and retiring to his farm in Suffield, CT.

In July 1914, a trade magazine called “Plasterer” published a letter documenting the strike at the Indian Motorcycle Company after workers’ reportedly already modest wages were cut by $1.10 per day.  Today we would never notice that amount, a cup of coffee costs more than $1.10, but in 1914 that was a significant amount.  A host of other trade magazines published similar accounts in support of the striking workers.

The company had cut their work force from 3,000 men to a mere 500 and union workers called a strike.  On January 5th, 1914 the original 125 strikers walked out and in July were still standing out, “steadfastly, loyally, sternly, honestly…” and according to the letter many Eastern tracks had barred Indians from their races in support of the strikers.

Once the story broke and all union workers were encouraged to support the striking workers other comments began to circulate.  Switchmen reported in their journal that the company had also refused to use union labor when constructing their buildings.

At a time when the eight-hour work day, the 40-hour week, nor any other fair labor practice was the norm, the union men obviously supported one another when conditions warranted.  Some journals went so far as to advise their union employees, “Don’t ride an Indian!”  A reduction in sales or the fear of one coupled with at least some tracks banning Indians in races more than likely prompted the company to reach an agreement with the workers.

Union men supporting other Union men is a little easier to understand than tracks harshly banning Indian motorcycles in races for fellows who saved to buy their dream machine only to be turned away from the races.

“The metal polishers have demanded nothing unreasonable of the Hendee Company; the workers on strike have been subsisting carefully, economically, living, indeed, from hand to mouth—but they are living hopefully, buoyantly, and filled with the belief that, as progress indicates, in the end the Hendee Company will be compelled to treat fairly with organized labor—they will have much to charge up to “experience”…These men do not ask alms.  Far from it; but they do ask that every loyal unionist remember that the Hendee Indian Motorcycle is produced in a shop that once hired 3,000 men.  Remember that this factory, with its millions of capital, now employs 500 men. “

A journal for shoe workers said in July 1914 that the Massachusetts State Board of Arbitration had ruled the wage reduction was a violation of the company’s agreement with its employees and that the Hendee Company was responsible for the continuation of the strike.  They recommended that the company take the men back under the same conditions that existed prior to the salary cut.  Spokesmen for the company replied in the negative and the strike continued.

Workers’ wages were cut while the company was valued at $12,000,000.  In 2016 dollars, that equates to $291,172,966.49.  No one would have known in 1914 the full impact WWI would soon have on sales, or even that there would be a war in Europe, but by 1918 sales would increase to the point that the company couldn’t crank out the bikes fast enough.  Was this a case of a company already enjoying economic prosperity while poised on the brink of unprecedented sales increases cutting wages?

Per “Our Journal:  Official Organ of the M.P.B.P.”, a settlement was reached on July 21, 1914, or as the editor put it, “The Indian Motorcycle Company and their striking polishers and buffers have smoked the “pipe of peace” in the big wigwam at Springfield, Mass., and peace reigns.”  The company also made peace with the Building Trades Council.

One can tell from the list of publications below that once the men began the strike their Union brethren from all trades supported them wholeheartedly, and when an equitable settlement was reached they were as quick to forgive and publicize that as well.  Unfortunately, that wasn’t the end of the company’s Union troubles, but by then George Hendee had left the company and was concentrating on raising cows and chickens on his farm. [See previous post]

Sources:

“The Plasterer”.  July 1914.

“The Carpenter”.   July, 1914.

“The Shoe Workers’ Journal”.  July 1914.

“The Journal of the Switchmen’s Union of North America”.  Sept. 1914.

“International Stereotypers’ and Electrotypers’ Union Journal”.  March 1914.

“Stove Mounters’ & Range Workers’ Journal”.  March 1914.

“Our Journal”.  Aug. 1914.

“Machinists’ Monthly Journal”.   Dec. 1917.

“Glassworker:  Official Organ of the Amalgamated Glassworker”.  Sept. 1914.

“The Boilermakers’ Journal”.  Sept. 1914.

“Railway Carmen’s Journal”.  July 1914.

“The Tobacco Worker”.  July 1914.

“The Stone Cutters’ Journal”.  March 1914.

“Plumbers, Gas, and Steam Fitters Journal”.   Sept. 1914.

“The Painter and Decorator”.  March 1914.

“Sheet Metal Workers’ Journal”.  March 15, 1914.

You’re in the Army Now: MOTORCYCLES, SIDE CARS, BICYCLES, and WAGONS FOR WWI. ©

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“The need of the Army for motorcycles, side cars, and bicycles was so tremendous that for many months during the war practically the entire output of these vehicles of the kinds selected as being most suitable for Army use was taken by the Government.

It was found that the Indian and Harley-Davidson motorcycles were best adapted to meet the necessities of the Expeditionary Forces in France, and these types were standardized for overseas shipment.  Orders for a total of 39,070 Indian motorcycles were placed with the manufacturers at Springfield, Mass., and before the end of 1918, 18,081 of these had been delivered.  From the Harley-Davidson manufacturers at Milwaukee, Wis., the Government received 14,666 machines of the total of 26,487 ordered before the end of 1918.  In addition to the Harley-Davidson and Indian machines, 1,526 Cleveland motorcycles, made in Cleveland, Ohio, were contracted for, and 1,476 delivered previous to 1919.

Side-car equipment for the Indian and Harley-Davidson machines was bought in almost as great quantities as the motorcycles themselves.  In fact, the demand for motorcycles and side cars from these two concerns was so great that they were working at 100-per-cent capacity for the Government before the summer of 1918.

The needs of the Army for machines increased so steadily and the requirements were so vast that both the Indian and Harley-Davidson concerns had made large additions to their plants for meeting the Government needs at the time the armistice was signed.

A standard military bicycle was turned out for the Army by the Westfield Manufacturing Co., at Westfield, Mass., and other bicycles were ordered from the Great Western Manufacturing Co., at Laporte, Ind., and the Davis Sewing Machine Co., at Dayton, Ohio.”

In addition to the vast number of bicycles, motorcycles, and side cars the Army also ordered so many horse-drawn wagons that within one year of production all the air-dried lumber in the country had been exhausted necessitating the building of facilities for kiln drying newly cut lumber.  R. V. Board of the Kentucky Wagon Co.; A. B. Thilens of the Studebaker Corporation of America; E. E. Parsonage of the John Deere Wagon Co.; and R. W. Lea of the Moline Plow Co., were named members of an advisory committee to assist the Army in the procurement of such vehicles.

The first requisition for wagons was for 34,000 escort wagons.  Orders came a little later for drinking-water carts and wagons, medical and ration carts, combat wagons, veterinary ambulances, sprinkling wagons, and various other types of special needs vehicles.  Companies called upon to produce the wagons included Bain Wagon Co., Oshkosh, Wis., Columbia Wagon Co., Colungia, PA; Deere & Co., Moline, Ill.; Emerson-Brantingham Co., Rockford, Ill.; Florence Wagon Co., Florence, Ala.; Hackney Wagon Co., Wilson, N.C.; International Harvester Co., Memphis, Tenn.; Moline Plow Co., Moline, Ill.; Mogul Wagon Co., Hoskinsville, Ky.; Owensboro Wagon Co., Owensboro, Ky.; Pekin Wagon Co., Pekin, Ill.; Peter Schuttler Co., Chicago, Ill.; Springfield Wagon Co., Springfield, Mo.; Stroughton Wagon Co., Stoughton, Wis.; A. Streich & Bros. Co., Oshkosh, Wis.; Thornhill Wagon Co., Lynchburg, Va.; Tiffin Wagon Co., Tiffin, Ohio; Eagle Wagon Works, Auburn, N.Y.; A. A. Cooper Wagon & Buggy Co., Dubuque, Iowa; Winona Wagon Co., Winona, Minn.; White Hickory Wagon Co., Atlanta, Ga.; Kentucky Wagon Co., Louisville, Ky.; Studebaker Corporation, South Bend, Ind.; American Car & Foundry Co., Jeffersonville, Ind. –  Source:  “American Munitions 1917-1918”.  U.S. War Dept.  1919.

© Vickie (Rumble) Brady, vrumblesramblingbikerblog.com

Motorcycles on the Farm©

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We are slaves to a small farm and are also riders, so any mention of farming and motorcycles is of special interest, particularly articles from the era when motorcycles and automobiles first came on the scene and their use overlapped that of horses and buggies.  It was a transition which took some years to fully evolve and I find the contrast fascinating.

Earlier I posted a piece on George M. Hendee of Indian and his farm in Conn., and while there’s no famous person involved in this piece it does reflect on the use of the earliest motorcycles on the farm.  Why do I have an image in my head of me riding around the place trying to balance a basket of eggs on my head?

“The motorcycle is speedy and inexpensive in operation.  It requires but little storage room and can be used on poor roads.  For these reasons it is adapted to the use of single men on the farm.  On a motorcycle they can go to town easily and quickly after the chores are done; the farmer boy, too, can get away for an afternoon at a ball game or to go hunting.  If a side car is used, two persons may go on a pleasure trip.  In general the motorcycle may be used for pleasure just as a horse and single buggy are used, with the advantage that much greater distances may be covered in a given time.

As a business machine, the motorcycle is of great use when hurried trips to town are necessary.  In sections where hired men insist on the use of a horse, a man who owns a motorcycle is entitled to more pay than others because he needs no horse.  On the other hand, it is well to have a definite understanding with the motor cyclist, so that he may not spend too much time on the road.

The capacity of the motorcycle is limited to 2 or at most 3 passengers even when a side car is used; and unless the roads are good, the side car must be left at home and the 2 persons ride tandem.  The motorcycle can be used but little for carrying produce, though it is a fine thing for the rural mail carrier.  Few women ride motorcycles but the side car can be used by a woman quite comfortably if the roads are good.  For its capacity, the motorcycle gives a great deal of pleasure and is very serviceable.  Its principal limitation is lack of carrying capacity.  The first cost of the motorcycle is reasonable and is the principal one, and if properly cared for, the machine entails but a small upkeep.

Before purchasing a motorcycle, the farmer should consider several factors.  One is, of course, the first cost.  Another is the amount of use he can make of it both for himself and for his family.  If he is purchasing for the boys, he should consider whether they are capable of caring for the machine and using it wisely.  A third factor is the real value of the machine for business purposes.  In some cases it can be used for many trips and for long rides…

Speeding and fast riding cause many motorcycle accidents.  The rider must watch the road closely because his machine is easily unbalanced.  Curves must be taken with discretion, to avoid the skidding of the machine from under the rider.  Mud and sand must be negotiated with care, otherwise a nasty spill may result.

When a side car is used, it must be so fastened that the front wheel is not pulled out of line.

The motorcycle requires careful handling if serious accidents are to be prevented.  One should learn to ride by practicing on little-used roads before he attempts to go where there is much traffic.”

Source:  “Farm Knowledge:  A Complete Manual of Successful Farming Written by Recognized Authorities in All Parts of the Country; Based on Sound Principles and the Actual Experience of Real Farmers”.  Prepared exclusively for Sears, Roebuck and Co.  1918.

 

© Victoria (Rumble) Brady – vrumblesramblingbikerblog.wordpress.com

George M. Hendee & Hilltop Farm ©

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At a recent gathering of the Coosa River Riders, an Indian riders group hosted by Big Number One in Birmingham, AL, I learned one of the men involved raises Katahdin sheep and, since I want to eventually own a few, I was pretty interested in his operation.  Perhaps a discussion on raising sheep was a little out of place at a lunch for motorcyclists, but then again, maybe not.

While most everyone with any interest in Indians knows that George M. Hendee was an award-winning bicyclist and the founder of the company that eventually launched Indian Motorcycles, but perhaps few know that Mr. Hendee was also a gentleman farmer and involved in animal husbandry during the early 20th century.

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The Hendee Manufacturing Co. became the Indian Motorcycle Co. in 1923.  His hugely successful career wound down with the announcement of his retirement in 1916.  “The desire on the part of George M. Hendee to retire from the activities of the Hendee Manufacturing Company has been known among his associates for the past three years, but only recently was the desire made possible through the larger interests hinting that they would not be adverse to further increasing their holdings in the Hendee Manufacturing Company”.  That verbage referred to the purchase of Hendee’s stock by his successor in the company, John F. Alvord.

“This gave Mr. Hendee the looked-for opportunity which would allow him to retire and enjoy to its full extent his beautiful estate in Suffield, Conn., with the result that a deal was consummated, not only for the sale and purchase of his entire holdings in the Hendee Manufacturing Company, but also he was to be relieved from active duties to become effective not later than August 1”.  – “Motorcycle Illustrated.  July 27, 1916.

He expressed a desire to remain active in his life and not to, “lie down and die”, after his retirement saying how much he valued each employee who had been loyal to him and to the company.  With those sentiments he also said, “I am very much in love with my farm down in Suffield, and we are doing some interesting things there.  We have a herd of about 70 Guernseys that cattle experts say are first class; we are growing alfalfa and the first cutting this year shows it to be a success.  I have about 265 acres down there and I am going to get all the pleasure and value out of it I can”.

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Hendee then retired to the farm which eventually consisted of 500 acres with a 17 room manor house.  His prize Guernseys became known as Hilltop Butterfats and his poultry plant for breeding white leghorn chickens was quite successful making Hilltop Farm legendary for milk, dairy products, and poultry products.  He, and stock that he sold, can be found in numerous publications including the Guernsey Breeders’ Journals of 1921 and 1922.

He built a barn which was equipped with state of the art sanitary features.  The barn survives, however, the home was torn down in 1961 and the land gobbled up by the campus of St. Alphonsus College which was later known as the Lincoln Culinary Institute.  The barn is 18,700 square feet and is so striking that upon first seeing a photograph this author mistakenly assumed it was the home.  It is a sprawling two-story white Colonial style facility complete with silo “turrets” on each side of the entrance and numerous gables.  It has been referred to as the “Monster Barn” and “Connecticut’s Agricultural Cathedral”.

Hendee was 50 years old when he made this change in his life and lived on his beloved Hilltop Farm until 1940 when his health prompted him to sell the farm and move into a smaller home in Suffield.  He died in 1943 at the age of 76.

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Born Oct. 2, 1866 in Watertown, CT, died June 13, 1943 at Suffield, George Mallory Hendee was the son of William Goodell Hendee and Emma Dwight Upton Hendee.  He is buried at the Springfield Cemetery in Springfield, Mass.  Today the barn is open to tours operated by the Friends of Hilltop Farm.  A number of events are scheduled at the site annually including Hendee Day and Motorcycle Rally which will be held July 23rd this year.

© Victoria (Rumble) Brady, vrumblesramblingbikerblog.wordpress.com

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The Care of Motorcycles

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“Generally speaking, the care of motorcycles calls for little more than a display of common sense, ordinary thoughtfulness and some precaution combined with a minimum of manual effort.

Common sense dictates cleanliness and, as in all things, this virtue, or lack of it, has a direct bearing on the amount of repair that becomes necessary.  Usually the motorcyclist who waits until trouble troubles him does not have long to wait.  A motorcycle is a machine, and all machines require some attention.  They cannot attend to themselves.

As insurance against stoppages and vexatious delays:

Avoid unnecessary tinkering, but do use wrench, pliers, and screwdriver for periodically going over all nuts, screws and connections—not some, but all—and, while you are about it, keep your eyes open for weakened wires or frayed ends.

Take up any undue slack in belt or chain or compensating sprocket.

Strain the gasoline.

Use only known qualities of oil.

Test the battery with an ammeter.

See that tires are well inflated.

When on the road:

Oil, and oil regularly.  It is of supreme importance.  When in doubt, do not fail to oil.

Let the burnt oil out of the motor base occasionally.

Don’t open your muffler when there is no real necessity for doing so.

Cut off power occasionally in descending hills.  It greatly cools and helps the engine.

When the motor is running rightly, let well enough alone.  Don’t keep changing the mixture.

When you have completed your ride:

Inject a few squirts of kerosene into the cylinder while it is still warm and “turn over” the engine a few times.  It’s a small attention and cleansing operation that pays large returns.

Clean the machine as soon as possible.  Mud caked over the radiating flanges of the motor soon causes it to heat unduly; sand and dirt permitted to accumulate in the muffler cause it to muffle too effectively, creating a back pressure, which deprives the motor of some of its power, sometimes causing it to overheat, and generally impairing its effectiveness.”

Source:  “Care and Repair of Motorcycles”.  Bicycling World Co.  NYNY.  1908.

 

Motorcycles Carry Missionaries and Bible Women

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“While carrying the full amount of regular work, special attention has been given to strengthening the evangelistic forces.  One hundred and forty missionaries are definitely engaged in evangelistic work and fifty more are needed for this service.  Two hundred new Bible women have been taken on, multiplying many times the effectiveness of the missionary.  Since missionary and Bible women must travel far as they go on to the villages, they should travel fast.  To this end forty-four automobiles, most of them staunch Fords, have been provided, but many lands have no roads for even these.  Two wheels may go where four cannot and bicycles, or a motorcycle have been sent…”.  – “The Methodist Year-book”.

MOTORCYCLES FOR WOMEN

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Some of the foreign papers devoted to outdoor sports sometimes depict women riders of the motorcycle, but on this side of the water the sport has made rather slow progress.  A western maker of motorcycles, has, however, completed one of these machines for his 15-year old daughter, and, as she promptly made 65 miles with it over country roads on her first trip, she may be regarded as being to the manner born.  The dropping of the frame has naturally brought about some construction problems, which seem to have been well solved.  The machine is belt-driven, and in order to avoid the risk of catching the rider’s skirts both wheels have casings.

The maker has also been confronted with a number of other problems in the adaptation of the motorcycle to a woman’s use which are more difficult to overcome, at least for the maker himself, for they lie somewhat outside of his province.  They are, in fact, more closely connected with the marketing of the machine, and thus form part of the dealer’s duty, and they consist mainly in over coming the prejudice of the external feminine to anything that savors of the mechanical or that requires systematic supervision.  It is notorious that a woman never oils a sewing machine nor winds up a watch regularly, so that how to make her realize the pressing necessity of these little attentions in the case of the motorcycle forms a very considerable part of the problem.  – “The Automobile”.  June 13, 1907.

Women Riders and Motor Repairs

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I’m sure there are women riders who can tear into a motor and repair pretty much anything, however, I am not one of them.  I’ve mastered pumping gas and the choke, but not much else.  Any repairs I need fall to my husband or if serious enough to a certified mechanic.  After reading the following article perhaps I am not that far removed from the first female riders when it comes to a having a thorough understanding of the motor.  Oh, BTW, I am pretty lame when it comes to my car engine too.

“A word might here be said upon motorcycles for ladies.  Although suitable for the more athletically inclined, a motorcycle can hardly be considered a lady’s vehicle; to be satisfactory, the machine must be high-powered to enable hills to be mounted without pedaling-0-and high-powered engines entail weight, and weight means difficulty in handling—at least, for ladies.  The vibration also will be found very tiring to most ladies, and under such circumstances the sport very soon loses its pleasantness.

However, in these days of spring forks, spring handlebars, spring saddle pillars, and free engines, much has been done to improve motorcycles and bring them within the province of a lady’s vehicle, and doubtless, many ladies will find that there is much enjoyment to be obtained from motorcycling, whilst, as a means of getting a little mechanical knowledge before attempting car driving a motorcycle will be found to be just the thing.

Many ladies have no hope of ever thoroughly understanding a car, considering a mechanical knowledge beyond their reach.  But why should it be?  Women have equaled men in mathematics, classics, and art—why not in practical mechanical knowledge?

Like everything else, mechanical knowledge is more easily grasped by some people than by others, but one often comes across ladies who, when explained to them, very much more easily grasp the principles of the petrol motor than many men do; in fact, there are some men who would never thoroughly understand such things, even if they lived to be a hundred.

Of course, there are a few ladies who occasionally “drive” their cars, but to whom the engine is a mass of mystery; they are entirely dependent upon their chauffeurs for the good running of the motors, and merely know that to start, accelerate, or stop the car this pedal has to be depressed or that lever moved—but one does not get the same amount of enjoyment from such “driving” as when one  thoroughly understands what is taking place under the bonnet, and can trace any cause of bad running.” – V. (Rumble) Brady ©

AN INTREPID MOTORCYCLISTE

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In the June issue of “Motorcycle Illustrated” there appeared a short item in reference to Mrs. H. G. Smith, wife of the president of the Detroit Motorcycle Club, with the statement that she was probably the only woman motorcyclist between New York and San Francisco.  But there are several others.  Mrs. F. H. Williams of Minneapolis has ridden a Wagner for over a year now, and has become expert in its management.  Then from Buffalo, N. Y., word has been received of two nurses—Misses Wardwell and Wenborne—from a Schenectady hospital who passed through that city recently on a trip from their home town en route to Kansas City.  They were muddy and somewhat worn, but had made the run from Lyons to Buffalo, 113 miles in one day.

Mrs. Smith the Detroit rider, has accompanied the Detroit Motorcycle Club on several runs this spring.  She also covered the seventy-nine miles from Detroit to Flint, Mich., in one day.  Forty miles of this route is said to be over the worst roads in the state of Michigan.  Mrs. Smith went through without a mishap, stayed with friends at Flint, and returned two days later over a different route.  She rides an M. M., and as she weighs only 130 pounds herself, she can travel just about as fast as any member of the club.  From other parts of the country, we have had information of the constant use of motorcycles by lady riders, and it is pleasing to know that the softer sex are taking up this sport.  They are sure to give it an impetus that would otherwise be lacking. – “Motorcycle Illustrated”.  Aug. 1, 1908.